When you’re looking to live and work in the United States, it’s important to obtain the right kind of visa for immigration purposes. There are quite a few different visa types available. As such, it’s important to understand what each of them is and how they vary.
The L-1 Visa isn’t used particularly often, but it is a critical one to consider. It is reserved for employers who may need to transfer executives, managers, or high-ranking employees from a foreign operations base to a United States-based location. This type of visa is particularly effective if the employee being transferred has specialized knowledge that the United States location needs to benefit from.
In order to qualify for this type of visa, the employee must be with the organization for at least one year. The employer must also be able to establish the relationship between the foreign entity and the U.S. one.
The H-1B Visa is designed as a temporary work visa used by foreign nationals in special occupations, such as computer science or engineering. It is one of the most sought-after work visas for entering the country. There is a high demand for this visa, which led to a yearly cap of only 85,000 petitions. 20,000 of these petitions are reserved for those who have at least a master’s degree.
Due to the large number of applications versus the low number of available visas of this type, it has led to individuals looking for other types of work visas that they may otherwise qualify for.
The E-1 visa will allow nationals from certain countries to come to the United States so that they can carry out trade activities. Those who are treaty traders or treaty investors should look at obtaining this type of visa. Particularly as a treaty investor, there will be the need to invest a significant amount of money into a business located in the United States. Proof must also be provided that you are coming to the United States in order to develop the investment.
As part of the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), the TN visa was created for citizens of Canada and Mexico. It allows foreign employees to seek this visa if they are eligible. Eligibility is dependent on specific types of professionals, such as engineers, accountants, and lawyers. This type of visa is highly valued because there isn’t a max-out date, unlike other work visas. There is also cap.
With so many different visas available, it’s important to know what you qualify for. There are several things you will want to consider, including how long you plan on staying in the United States for as well as what kind of employment you wish to obtain. Because of the caps present on so many of the different visa types, it may be better to seek one that doesn’t have a cap or that has specific requirements that you may be able to meet.