There are many types of work visas in the United States. Most people who plan to visit or work in the country need a visa, unless they are Canadian citizens, and even they will need a visa if they plan on moving to the country for good. A Massachusetts attorney knowledgeable about visas can help. There are several things you need to know about work visas in the United States, if you are planning on staying in or working in the country temporarily, including:
- The government issues temporary visas for those employed in Massachusetts, or another part of the United States for a certain, specified period of time. The visas are issued to people temporarily living in the country.
- A prospective employer has to file a petition for a visa for someone from another country who might work for his or her country with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Only a person receiving a visa may work for an employer. There are a number of specific visa categories available for qualifying individuals, including:
- H-2A: This is for a temporary or seasonal agricultural worker. Citizens of designated countries receive these visas.
- H-2B: This is for temporary or seasonal non-agricultural workers. Again, citizens of designated countries receive these.
- H-1B: A person in a specialty occupation, who must have a higher degree or its equivalent would need this visa. Such workers might be those in government research development projects, fashion models of distinguished merit, or those working for a project administered by the Department of Defense.
- H-1B1: Someone who works in a specialty occupation, requiring a post-secondary education of at least four years would receive this visa. This involves a Free Trade Agreement with Chile and Singapore and is not petition-based as the other visas. There are specific application procedures to follow, which a knowledgeable attorney would know.
- H-3: This is for those who will receive graduate medical or academic training that could not be obtained in the trainee’s home country. It could involve training in educating children with emotional, mental, or physical disabilities.
- Q-1: This is for those participating in an international cultural exchange program to receive practical employment and training to share the culture, history, and traditions of the participant’s home country.
- These are details for only some of the available types of work visas. There is a visa for those in management or executive capacities who have worked for a company for at least a year. Briefly, other visas are available to those skilled in education, the sciences, art, entertainment and athletics.
If you would like more information about the types of work visas available, who qualifies, or how to apply, contact us.